Historians date back to the mid-9th century the birth of the Republic and its decline in the middle of the 12th century. About three hundred years of history in which a small territory managed to compete with the other Italian Maritime Republics (Genoa, Pisa and Venice) much larger and more powerful. The borders of Amalfi extended to Cetara, to Positano, including the island of Capri and the archipelago of Li Galli, and inland, beyond the Monti Lattari, up to Gragnano, in the province of Naples.



It was small and mountainous the territory of the Maritime Republic of Amalfi and for this it was necessary to use well the few natural resources that were available.

The Valle dei Mulini from the north side (Gragnano) could count on a greater production capacity due to the fact that the springs, due to an intuitive physical phenomenon, being lower than those of the Amalfitano side, (South side) supplied more water and for a longer period.


The processing of wood, iron, the production of paper, fabrics and flour, required the need to have energy in large quantities. They made a virtue of necessity, the engineers of the time, building on the path of the torrents of the machines operated by the power of water that served the purpose The valley of the Ferriere and that of the Mills were industrial districts where it produced what was needed by the Republic, but also what they brought to the Mediterranean countries with their ships.

Maritime Republic of Amalfi - 839/1131

Around the year one thousand, the territory of Gragnano was the northern border of the Maritime Republic of Amalfi, and with its Castle on top of the homonymous village, it was part of the defensive system together with the Castle of Letters, the Rocca di Pimonte and the Castello del Pine tree. In this period there is documentation that authorized the creation of some mills for grinding wheat. The proximity of the port of Castellammare was functional to the arrival of the raw material to be ground and also to the transport of the finished product.

History of the place and the birth of the mills

If  the next period we called it Renaissance there will be a reason. We have a negative prejudice of the Middle Ages, which brings us to an era of cultural and social decadence. It was a long period of about 1,000 years and that historians start in the middle of the fifth century with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and that ends with the discovery of America.

A period so long that it has been divided into two temporal areas. A period defined in this way because in short the connection between a low and a high Middle Ages. It was certainly a period of wars of oppression and that often led to tragic consequences such as famine and pestilence that decimated the populations of the time.

But the Middle Ages were not only fights and famines, but also the time when they built the great Cathedrals and the mighty cities of which we still admire the aesthetic beauty. Episodes, stories and characters that characterized that time are known and have formed the political history of Europe and beyond.

(historical clarification)

The Amalfitano territory, although it was deprived by the Normans of Independence, continued to work, trade and possess possessions.

The citizens of Gragnano could enjoy the prerogatives and privileges of those of Amalfi up to 1500. The Amalfi Church had jurisdiction over that of the North side of the Lattari with the bishopric of Lettere and Gragnano, dependent on the archbishop of Amalfi until 1819. So industry, trade, etc., did not end up with the loss of independence.

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© 2017 by Ingenito Pietro - www.valledeimulinigragnano.it 

© 2017 by Ingenito Pietro - www.valledeimulinigragnano.it 

© 2017 by Ingenito Pietro - www.valledeimulinigragnano.it